Saturday, August 8, 2009

Cervical Cancer Vaccine (子宫颈癌疫苗针)





What is Cervical cancer ?

Cancer of cervix is common among women in the age group between 35 to 55 years old.

70% of the victims of the cervix cancer are caused by HPV virus infection.







The diagram shows the progression and spread of cervix cancer





The gross appearance of cervix cancer




What is HPV virus ?

HPV virus is spread through sexual contact.
The chance of HPV infection is higher if you have many sexual partners.

There are many type of HPV virus, but only type 6, 11, 16 and 18 are associated with cervix cancer.

Type of HPV causing cervix cancer




Other than cervix cancer, what is the other disease caused by HPV infection?


HPV infection also can cause genital wart in the private part.




Multiple genital wart





How to prevent HPV infection?


There are many effective methods to prevent HPV infection:



1) Avoid multiple sex partners



2) Use condom as protection barrier.



3) HPV vaccine injection.



Gardasil HPV Vaccine




When should I receive my HPV vaccine ?

HPV vaccine ideally should be given before you are sexually active. Currently, HPV vaccine is recommeded for the girls between 9 to 26 years old.



If I’m already sexually active, is it too late for me to get vaccinated?

No, it's not.

If you're already sexually active, you may still benefit from HPV vaccine. That's because even if you have been exposed to HPV, it's unlikely that you have been exposed to all 4 types of the virus covered by the HPV vaccine.




What are the side effects of HPV vaccine?


HPV vaccine has been shown to be generally well tolerated and side effects of the injection are not commonly happened .

The most commonly reported side effects include:

1) Pain, swelling, itching, bruising, and redness at the injection site

2) Headache

3) Fever

4) Nausea

5) Dizziness

6) Vomiting



How many HPV vaccine injection I need to receive in order to obtain the protection?

You need to receive 3 doses over 6 months.

First dose: at a date you and your doctor choose.

Second dose: 2 months after the first dose.

Third dose: 6 months after the first dose.




2 comments:

Anonymous said...

Hi Dr Jason,
May i know what is the cost of HPV vaccine?
is the vaccine still suitable for ladies that hv been giving birth before?

Dr. Jason Ong said...

The estimated cost is around RM 300 to RM350 per injection.

You still can receive your vaccine after the child birth. But during the period of vaccination, you are not advised to get pregnant.